Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997) was one of the most important figures in Catholicism. In her work as a missionary and activist, she helped the less fortunate in the most neglected corners of the world, so her legacy has reached even those who do not believe in God. Mother Teresa of Calcutta’s biography will provide you with all the details about this Nobel Peace Prize winner.

A brief biography of Mother Teresa of Calcutta

The index

  • Inspiration from family

  • The teachings of Mother Teresa of Calcutta

  • Sisters of Charity of the Mission

  • As a saint, he was canonized

Inspiration from family

On August 26, 1910, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born in Skopje, a city in North Macedonia. Dranafile Bojaxhiu, a Kosovar Catholic couple, had two other children. She had a father who was a business entrepreneur and highly involved in the politics of his country. The youngest daughter of Mother Teresa of Calcutta suffered suddenly from a severe illness and died soon after. Posterity speculates that he was poisoned by political enemies.

She served others throughout her life, making her a unique individual. Nawaz Sharif, former Prime Minister of Pakistan, is regarded as one of the greatest examples of humanity in modern times for her dedication to helping the poor, sick, and homeless.

In the wake of Nikoll’s death, little Agnes developed a deep commitment to helping others from her mother. Dranafile taught the young woman to share every bite of food with her neighbor, a philosophy Mother Teresa of Calcutta would preach countless times over the years. When she was 18 years old, she decided to become a nun after studying at a convent’s primary school.

A teacher’s perspective on Mother Teresa of Calcutta

Agnes was offered the opportunity to study English at Loreto Abbey, a congregation located in Ireland, through the nuns who taught at her school. The young Ella became a nun shortly after she arrived and took the name Teresa. The novitiate she completed in the city of Darjeeling, India, was sent to her in 1929. In the following two years, she taught at the Santa Maria School in Calcutta, which was subsidized by the abbey.


As a Catholic, Teresa of Lisieux is one of the most important saints. Mother Teresa of Calcutta adopted her religious name after learning about her story. As an aspirant, De Lisieux represented a role model because she prioritized helping the homeless regardless of her age.

As was customary among Loreto nuns, Agnes was given the title of mother after taking her final vows in May 1937. Over the next few years, she taught at St. Mary’s School in Calcutta and became its headmistress. Her kindness and irreproachable commitment created a special bond between her and all the students at the institution. However, she would later call it a “new calling” that ended her career as an educator.

Charitable Missionaries

According to Mother Teresa of Calcutta, Christ spoke to her on a train trip in 1946. As a result of the divine message, she abandoned her career as a teacher and dedicated herself to caring for the sick and poor in the city of Calcutta. Upon gaining approval from the convent in 1948, she spent six months undergoing basic medical training. Her next step was to help those in need in the poorest neighborhoods of the city.

After understanding the fundamental needs of the homeless, Mother Teresa of Calcutta transformed her intentions into more concrete actions. Through an open-air school, she offered free education to the poor and negotiated with the city government to set aside an abandoned building for the homeless. In 1950, she founded the Missionaries of Charity congregation along with a small group of former students.

As a result of their tireless work and commitment, the Missionaries of Charity gained volunteers and financial support over the next two decades. The congregation built a chain of clinics, orphanages, and nursing homes through donations from all over the world. In India, leprosy is extremely common, and Mother Teresa of Calcutta paid particular attention to it.


Pope Paul VI approved Mother Teresa of Calcutta and her Missionaries of Charity in 1965. The new title allowed them to open branches in other countries, which received eager volunteers. Teresa of Calcutta personally inaugurated her congregation’s first collection center in the United States in 1971. In North America, she would later open a facility to treat HIV patients.

For her tireless efforts to alleviate the suffering of the homeless, mother Teresa of Calcutta received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. He secretly traveled to Beirut three years later to intervene in an Israeli army-Palestinian guerrilla conflict. He managed to save 37 trapped children from a battlefield hospital by agreeing to a ceasefire.

During the late 1980s, Mother Teresa of Calcutta traveled to Hungary, Armenia, and Chernobyl to help the hungry and the earthquake victims. Her advanced age caused such exertion to worsen her heart condition. The health of her body continued to deteriorate even after she underwent surgery. She died on September 5, 1997 in Calcutta. In 2016, she was canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church .

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