Mexico’s independence was greatly advanced by Guadalupe Victoria (1786-1843). Besides being the country’s first president, Victoria made great advances in diplomacy and culture during his tenure. The biography of Guadalupe Victoria will emphasize honor, perseverance, and the need for a new political system. Are you interested in learning more? Continue reading to find out more!

Summary of Guadalupe Victoria’s life

The index

  • Childhood without their parents

  • Victoria Guadalupe: an astute and prepared soldier

  • Agustin de Iturbide’s controversial presence

  • Guadalupe Victoria’s rise to the presidency

  • Government that is clean and enlightening

Childhood without their parents

José Miguel Ramón Adaucto Fernández y Félix, commonly known as Guadalupe Victoria, was born in Tamazula de Victoria, Durango state, on September 29, 1786. In his early childhood, Victoria’s parents, Manuel Fernández de Victoria and Maria Alejandra Félix, died. Therefore, his paternal uncle, Agustin Fernández, was in charge of his shelter. Despite his limited financial resources, he tried to give Victoria a quiet life.

Guadalupe Victoria was educated at the Seminario Conciliar Menor de Durango, where her uncle was a priest in Tamazula. He continued his studies at the Colegio de San Ildefonso, where he stood out as a diligent student with an interest in civil law.

Within a year of completing her studies and graduating with a bachelor’s degree in law, Guadalupe Victoria joined the independence forces of her country. This led Victoria to work with Hermenegildo Galeana, a Mexican insurgent who followed in the footsteps of José Mara Morelos, starting in 1812.


As a result of this first military approach, the Mexican adopted the nickname Guadalupe Victoria. By choosing this new name, he combined his devotion to the Virgin of Guadalupe and what he wanted with the independence cause of his country: victory.

Victoria Guadalupe: an astute and prepared soldier

His first great military feat was achieved in the state of Oaxaca. During the Mexican Revolution, Victoria fought alongside the insurgent army of José Mara Morelos, which was preparing to take control of Oaxacan territory, in order to free Mexican land from Spanish control. During this time, Guadalupe Victoria demonstrated an unusual spirit of independence from him and shortly thereafter became the commander of the insurgent army in Veracruz.

Guadalupe Victoria seized several strategic points in Veracruz that would assist the insurgent cause in Mexico in its march toward the Mexican capital. In this period, Victoria demonstrated impeccable military organization. Besides leading and ordering his troops well, he also set taxes for the project’s economic sustainability.

After José Mara Morelos was assassinated in 1815, Guadalupe Victoria’s presidency was clouded. In the absence of an accurate leader, Victoria was left adrift, and the royalist forces slowly encroached on the territories he had proclaimed. In order to escape the viceroyalty, the Mexican hid in the Mexican jungle for a couple of years.

There has been controversy surrounding Agustin de Iturbide’s presence

As a result of royalist reprisals, Guadalupe Victoria emerged from her hiding place in 1821 and joined the Plan of Iguala. The plan led by Agustin de Iturbide, with whom Victoria He had a good rapport from the beginning, was sure to lead to Mexican independence.

In the aftermath of Iturbide’s proclamation as emperor, Mexico sensed something odd. The independence cause sought to distance itself as much as possible from monarchical totalitarianism. Various politicians opposed Iturbide in this way, including Guadalupe Victoria, who followed in the footsteps of Antonio López de Santa Anna in abdicating as emperor.

Guadalupe Victoria’s rise to the presidency

Guadalupe Victoria was part of Santa Anna’s triumvirate after Iturbide abdicated. In spite of this new executive power, Victoria did not neglect his military duties in Veracruz. As he prepared to run for the presidency of Mexico, the Mexican had to put aside his militarism after the triumvirate approved the nation’s first constitution.

In the weeks following the creation of the first constitution of the republic, Mexico was preparing to hold its first elections. Therefore, Guadalupe Victoria was elected Mexican president on October 10, 1824. As a result of his excellent independence work and his constant demonstrations of wisdom and political and military fortitude, Victoria was trusted for such an important position.

An enlightened and clean government

Throughout Guadalupe Victoria’s presidency, her cunning was undeniable. In the Mexican territory, he fought for the abolition of slavery. His relations with the press at the time were also good, and he created a decree calling for the immediate expulsion of the Spanish. Victoria, on the other hand, sought to restore border relations with the United States and forge an alliance with the United Kingdom in economic matters.

Despite several coup attempts during his presidency, Guadalupe Victoria managed to complete his term in 1829. Victoria withdrew from political life shortly after this and devoted herself to her family. The “War of the Cakes” with France he was involved in by 1838 had a decisive diplomatic impact.

On March 21, 1843, Guadalupe Victoria died of epilepsy after suffering a sudden seizure. Shortly after her death, Victoria was proclaimed a national hero and a meritorious citizen. He is engraved in gold on Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies and appears on stamps.

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